What?
For those of you who use Preg_Replace. Preg_replace is a function that uses regular expressions to search and replace a string.

Why?
Because my understanding with regular expressions is shady and varies from language to language, I've written this article as a quick reference point.

How?
Well you use this in your PHP scripts, the examples below are meant to help but feel free to comment if they do not:

Surround string (apostrophes) with red styling
Convert: this='a string'  »  this='a string'

  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace ( '/\'([^\']+)\'/', '<span style="color:red">$0</span>', $string_original ); 

Surround string (apostrophes) with red styling but ignore escaped apostrophes:
Convert: this='joe\'s string' » this='joe\'s string'
  1.  $string_formatted = str_replace('&#92;&#92;\'', '&#92;&#92;&#92;&amp;#39;', $string_formatted);  // bit of a copout I know 
  2.  $string_formatted = preg_replace ( '/\'([^\']+)\'/', '<span style="color:red">$0</span>', $string_formatted ); 


Surround string (apostrophes) with red styling and evaluate:
Convert: this='some <html> string' » this='some string'
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace ( '/\'([^\']+)\'/e', 'stripslashes(strip_tags("$0"))', $string_formatted );  // really important to suffix the expression with 'e' 
  2.  $string_formatted = preg_replace ( '/\'([^\']+)\'/', '<span style="color:red">$0</span>', $string_formatted ); 


Surround string (backticks) with darkred styling
Convert: `mysql_reserved_word`=my_alias  »  `mysql_reserved_word`=my_alias
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace ( '/`([^`]+)`/', '<span style="color:darkred">$0</span>', $string_original ); 

Replace contents between two tags (<pre></pre>)
Convert: my outside string <pre>is now inside</pre>  »  my outside string is now inside
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace('/<pre>(.*)<\/pre>/eis', "'<span style="color:red">'.'$1'.'</span>'", $string_original); 

Replace contents between two tags (<pre></pre>) INCLUSIVE
Convert: my outside string <pre>is now inside</pre>  »  my outside string <pre>is now inside</pre>
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace('/(<pre>)(.*)(<\/pre>)/eis', "'<span style="color:red">' . '$1' . '$2' . '$3' . '</span>'", $string_original); 

Replace contents between two strings
Convert: <!-- MY START STRING -->Hello World!<!-- MY END STRING -->  »  Hello World!
  1.  $startPoint = '<!-- MY START STRING -->'; 
  2.  $endPoint = '<!-- MY END STRING -->'; 
  3.  $string_formatted = preg_replace('#('.preg_quote($startPoint).')(.*)('.preg_quote($endPoint).')#si', '$0', $string_original); 


Replace all @words
Convert: Hello @World » Hello @World
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace( '/@[a-z]+/i','<span style="color:red;">$0</span>', $string_original); 
  2.   
  3.  -- METHOD #2: equivalent using preg_match_all  
  4.  $matches = null; 
  5.  preg_match_all('/(?!\b)(@\w+\b)/',$string_original,$matches); 
  6.  foreach ($matches as $match) { 
  7.  foreach ($match as $mystring) { 
  8.  $string_formatted = str_replace( $mystring, '<span style="color:red;">'.$mystring.'</span>', $string_formatted);  
  9.  } 
  10.  } 


Replace all $wordpart1_wordpart2 (allow underscores)
Convert: Hello $New_World » Hello $New_World
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace( '/\$[a-z_]+/i','<span style="color:red;">$0</span>', $string_original); 


Replace all words with suffixed character
Convert: Hello( World ) » Hello( World )
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace( '/[a-z]+\(/i','<span style="color:red;">$0</span>', $string_original); 


Replace all words with suffixed character and html entity
Convert: Hello&nbsp;( World ) » Hello&nbsp;( World )
  1.  $string_formatted = preg_replace( '/[a-z_ -]+\&amp;nbsp;\(/i','<span style="color:red;">$0</span>', $string_original); 


Anymore? Please leave a comment if I've missed some useful ones out.

Comments   

0 Robert S Wednesday, 11th March 2015, 12:15 pm
Great Article. I am interested in removing js from template code.

eg:
var _FC_GET = {"flexi_callvie w":"module","vi ew":"item","opt ion":"com_flexi content","isfle xicontent":"yes "};

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