What?
This is a quick note on how to reduce a whole bunch of CSS into a single line without unnecessary spaces and new lines.

Why?
What I have:

copyraw
#copyright a{
    margin: 10px 0 0 85px;
    box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51, 51, 51, 0.3);
}
  1.  #copyright a{ 
  2.      margin: 10px 0 0 85px
  3.      box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51, 51, 51, 0.3)
  4.  } 

What I want:

copyraw
#copyright a{margin:10px 0 0 85px;box-shadow:5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51,51,51,0.3);}
  1.  #copyright a{margin:10px 0 0 85px;box-shadow:5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51,51,51,0.3);} 


How?
So I'm doing this with a regular expression to get rid of newlines:

copyraw
$v_AppStyle = "
#copyright a{
    margin: 10px 0 0 85px;
    box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51, 51, 51, 0.3);
}";
$v_AppStyleFormatted = preg_replace('/\s+/', ' ', $v_AppStyle);
  1.  $v_AppStyle = " 
  2.  #copyright a{ 
  3.      margin: 10px 0 0 85px
  4.      box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px 0px rgba(51, 51, 51, 0.3)
  5.  }"
  6.  $v_AppStyleFormatted = preg_replace('/\s+/', ' ', $v_AppStyle)

and a few str_replace arrays:

copyraw
// exceptions
$a_ReplaceFrom1 = array("px ", "0 ", " a");
$a_ReplaceTo1 = array("px?", "0?", "?a");
$v_AppStyleFormatted = str_replace($a_ReplaceFrom1, $a_ReplaceTo1, $v_AppStyleFormatted);

// replace all spaces to empty and replace question marks back to spaces
$a_ReplaceFrom2 = array(" ", "?");
$a_ReplaceTo2 = array("", " ");
$v_AppStyleFormatted = str_replace($a_ReplaceFrom2, $a_ReplaceTo2, $v_AppStyleFormatted);
echo $v_AppStyleFormatted;
  1.  // exceptions 
  2.  $a_ReplaceFrom1 = array("px ", "0 ", " a")
  3.  $a_ReplaceTo1 = array("px?", "0?", "?a")
  4.  $v_AppStyleFormatted = str_replace($a_ReplaceFrom1, $a_ReplaceTo1, $v_AppStyleFormatted)
  5.   
  6.  // replace all spaces to empty and replace question marks back to spaces 
  7.  $a_ReplaceFrom2 = array(" ", "?")
  8.  $a_ReplaceTo2 = array("", " ")
  9.  $v_AppStyleFormatted = str_replace($a_ReplaceFrom2, $a_ReplaceTo2, $v_AppStyleFormatted)
  10.  echo $v_AppStyleFormatted
Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 697

What?
Just a quick note to refine a function that will take a date in the past and return the number of years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes and seconds.

Why?
Here are some examples of what we want to achieve:
copyraw
1 year 2 months 3 weeks 4 days 5 hours 6 minutes 7 seconds  // full string
1 year 3 weeks 5 hours 7 seconds                            // where shown values are not zero
  1.  1 year 2 months 3 weeks 4 days 5 hours 6 minutes 7 seconds  // full string 
  2.  1 year 3 weeks 5 hours 7 seconds                            // where shown values are not zero 
Actually we just want the first two words of those strings:
copyraw
3 days ago          // where event is 3 days ago or just over but less than 4 days ago
1 week ago          // where event is just over 1 week ago but less than 2 weeks ago
  1.  3 days ago          // where event is 3 days ago or just over but less than 4 days ago 
  2.  1 week ago          // where event is just over 1 week ago but less than 2 weeks ago 

How?
Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 679

What?
So this is an article for me on how to copy Joomla's and Wordpress' feature where a Title/Name value is converted to a search-engine friendly URL alias and is unique in the database. Ok that's a long sentence; let me try this:
  1. When I save a record in JoomlaCMS or WordpressCMS
  2. It creates a unique name to use in URLs
  3. I want that

Why?
These are used as inputs to server-side scripts for the sake of search-engine friendliness. There are no silver bullets here but I want to block any character that isn't a letter, a number or an underscore.

How?
Suppose the following exists as a MySQL database table called my_table_name:

What we have:
copyraw
/----------|-------------------|----------------------\
| id       | name              | url_alias            |
|----------|-------------------|----------------------|
| 1        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test        |
|          |                   |                      |
|          |                   |                      |
\----------|-------------------|----------------------/
  1.  /----------|-------------------|----------------------\ 
  2.  | id       | name              | url_alias            | 
  3.  |----------|-------------------|----------------------| 
  4.  | 1        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test        | 
  5.  |          |                   |                      | 
  6.  |          |                   |                      | 
  7.  \----------|-------------------|----------------------/ 
What we want:
copyraw
/----------|-------------------|----------------------\
| id       | name              | url_alias            |
|----------|-------------------|----------------------|
| 1        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test        |
| 2        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test_1      |
| 3        | My _-_First Test  | my_first_test_2      |
\----------|-------------------|----------------------/
  1.  /----------|-------------------|----------------------\ 
  2.  | id       | name              | url_alias            | 
  3.  |----------|-------------------|----------------------| 
  4.  | 1        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test        | 
  5.  | 2        | My *First* Test   | my_first_test_1      | 
  6.  | 3        | My _-_First Test  | my_first_test_2      | 
  7.  \----------|-------------------|----------------------/ 

Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 677

What?
A quick article to stop me running into this issue again. This article serves to address the issue of importing characters from an XML in a different language character set and trying to load it in PHP with the function simplexml_load_string(). The error I get is something similar to:

PHP Warning:
simplexml_load_string(): Entity: line #: parser error : Input is not proper UTF-8, indicate encoding ! Bytes: 0xA0 0x3C 0x2F 0x73 in /home/public_html/my_folder/my_xml_processing_script.php on line 160


Why?
I'm downloading an XML feed to our servers, and then loading the downloaded file into memory with simplexml_load_string(). I get the above error when it is attempting to load an XML feed which is mostly in Spanish and breaks at the following XML node:

copyraw
<baños>2</baños>

-> yields issue: PHP Warning:  simplexml_load_string():     <baños>2</baños> in /home/public_html/my_folder/my_xml_processing_script.php on line 160

should read

<baños>2</baños>
  1.  <baños>2</baños> 
  2.   
  3.  -> yields issue: PHP Warning:  simplexml_load_string():     <baños>2</baños> in /home/public_html/my_folder/my_xml_processing_script.php on line 160 
  4.   
  5.  should read 
  6.   
  7.  <baños>2</baños> 


How?

Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 642

Previously titled
Fix PHP cURL: parser error: Document labelled UTF-16 but has UTF-8 content

What?
This is an article with notes for me on how to convert some received XML encoded in UTF-16 to some JSON in UTF-8. If it were entirely in UTF-8, I would simply load the received XML with SimpleXML and use the built-in PHP JSON_encode function. I ran into the following errors:
Warning: SimpleXMLElement::__construct() [<a href='simplexmlelement.--construct'>simplexmlelement.--construct</a>]: Entity: line 1: parser error : Document labelled UTF-16 but has UTF-8 content in /public_html/.../.../my_script.php on line ###

Warning: simplexml_load_string() [<a href='function.simplexml-load-string'>function.simplexml-load-string</a>]: Entity: line 1: parser error : Document labelled UTF-16 but has UTF-8 content in /public_html/.../.../my_script.php on line ###
Why?
So I've googled, binged and yahoo'd for this and although there are some solutions that deal with loading UTF16 content into SimpleXMLElement or simplexml_load_string, it doesn't solve my problem. I'm receiving XML data within a cURL result but I get the above error with using either "SimpleXMLElement" or "simplexml_load_string". Returning the XML with cURL isn't a problem, but I want to convert it to JSON and I usually use a PHP function to load the data into an XML array and use the built-in PHP function: "json_encode".

How?

What?
A note for myself on some code to convert a string of two names into a string made up of the first name and then using the initial of the second name.
copyraw
-- What I have
John Smith
Fred.Bloggs

-- What I want
John S.
Fred B.
  1.  -- What I have 
  2.  John Smith 
  3.  Fred.Bloggs 
  4.   
  5.  -- What I want 
  6.  John S. 
  7.  Fred B. 

How?
Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 556

What?
A quick note on a htaccess rewrite rule I'm liking.

What does it do?
What I type:
copyraw
http://www.mywebsite.com/blog/videos.html
  1.  http://www.mywebsite.com/blog/videos.html 
Sends this to server:
copyraw
http://www.mywebsite.com/index.php?myFolder=blog&myFiles=videos
  1.  http://www.mywebsite.com/index.php?myFolder=blog&myFiles=videos 
How?
Category: Personal Home Page :: Article: 520

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